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The main uses of cadmium are as a protective coating to prevent corrosion of steel and in rechargeable nickel-cadmium batteries. Cadmium ore deposits are rare and usually small. However, traces of cadmium are a natural occurrence in phosphates.
Greenockite (CdS) is the only cadmium mineral of economic importance and is nearly always associated with sphalerite (ZnS). Consequently, cadmium is produced mainly as a by-product from the mining, smelting, and refining of sulfide ores of zinc and, to a less extent, lead and copper. There is currently no record of cadmium production in Victoria.
- Minerals of Victoria - Geological Survey of Victoria Report 92
- Geology of Victoria - Geological Society of Australia
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