Industrial minerals are naturally occurring rocks or minerals that are of economic value, other than metallic ores and mineral fuels. They are the most valuable part of the non-fuel mineral industry in Victoria. They also provide an essential source of materials for Victoria’s ever-growing infrastructure. Consequently, their production in the State is growing.
Geological environments favourable to exploration for industrial minerals are widespread in Victoria. However, there are less common and less well understood materials that could, with further research, increase the State’s mineral wealth. These include bentonite, diatomite, gypsum, feldspar, peat, gemstones and dolomite.The commodities discussed in the following pages are those that have been commercially produced in Victoria. Historical production figures and future prospectivity is discussed for each of them. Not all known occurrences of industrial minerals are covered, but discussion of some of the less well-known materials is included.
|Contruction materials||Phosphate rock|
|Limestone and dolomite|
Acknowledgement: Mineral specimens photographed for these webpages are part of the Museum Victoria and GeoScience Victoria mineral collections. We would like to thank Museum Victoria for providing access and advice.