Earth Resources Regulation administers legislation and associated regulations for the following industries:
- Geothermal Energy
- Geological Carbon Storage
- Mineral Resources (see below)
- Extractive Industries (see below)
Other Relevant Legislation
Mineral, extractive and petroleum exploration and development activities are also subject to a range of other Commonwealth and State legislation. Relevant Commonwealth legislation includes the Native Title Act 1993, the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999, and Part IIA of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Heritage Protection Act 1984.
Relevant Victorian legislation includes the Environment Effects Act 1978, the Planning and Environment Act 1987 and the Aboriginal Heritage Act 2006.
Note: Commonwealth legislation relating to beyond the 3 nautical mile limit no longer falls under the Victorian jurisdiction. This is now administered by Commonwealth authorities - National Offshore Petroleum Safety and Environment Management Authority and the National Offshore Petroleum Titles Administator.
Links to Legislation
Go to "Legislation & Bills" then select “Victorian Law Today” and search for desired Act or Regulations alphabetically.
Search for desired Act under ‘Act name search’.
Mineral Resources (Sustainable Development) Act 1990 (Vic)
The Mineral Resources (Sustainable Development) Act 1990 (MR(SD)A) provides a contemporary legislative framework for the development and regulation of:
- the mineral exploration and mining industry, including gold, coal, and mineral sands; and
- extractive industries (quarries) for the extraction of stone resources including gravel, sand, soil, building stone and clay (but does not include fine clay, kaolin or salt). This is in combination with land use controls under the Planning and Environment Act 1987.
As of 1 January 2010, Victoria’s extractive industries are regulated under the MR(SD)A.
The MR(SD)A addresses licensing and approvals, and other issues including compensation, rehabilitation and royalties for extractive industries, mineral exploration and development activities.
The Act seeks to encourage an economically viable mining industry which makes the best use of mineral resources in a way that is compatible with the economic, social and environmental objectives of the State.. A series of Regulations and guidelines also apply to mineral exploration and development activities
Additionally, the MR(SD)A applies to the extraction or removal of stone from land if the main purpose is for the sale or commercial use of the stone or for use in construction, building, road or manufacturing works.
The MRSDA defines “extractive industry” as the extraction or removal of stone from land if the primary purpose of the extraction or removal is the sale or commercial use of the stone or the use of the stone in construction, building, road or manufacturing works and includes:
- the treatment of stone or the manufacture of bricks, tiles, pottery or cement products on or adjacent to land from which the stone is extracted; and
- any place, operation or class of operation declared by the Minister to be an extractive industry.
The MRSDA defines “stone” as:
- sandstone, freestone or other building stone; or
- basalt, granite, limestone or rock of any kind ordinarily used for building, manufacturing, road making or construction purposes; or
- quartz (other than quartz crystals); or
- slate or gravel; or
- clay (other than fine clay, bentonite or kaolin); or
- sand, earth or soil; or
- other similar materials.
Mineral Resources Development Regulations 2002
Mineral Resources (Sustainable Development)(Extractive Industries) Regulations 2010